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ACCUEIL –> Classe MAMMALIA –> Ordre SORICOMORPHA

Famille la plus importante des Insectivores, les Soricidés se caractérisent principalement par un museau très effilé, des oreilles généralement bien visibles et une queue très développée.


Il existe 3 sous-familles :

Sous-famille des Crocidurinae : 9 genres et 210 espèces

  1. Crocidura aleksandrisi (Alexandrian shrew)
    Crocidura allex (highland shrew)
    Crocidura andamanensis (Andaman shrew)
    Crocidura ansellorum (Ansell’s shrew)
    Crocidura arabica (Arabian shrew)
    Crocidura arispa (jackass shrew)
    Crocidura armenica (Armenian shrew)
    Crocidura attenuata (Indochinese shrew)
    Crocidura attila (Hun shrew)
    Crocidura baileyi (Bailey’s shrew)
    Crocidura baluensis (Kinabalu shrew)
    Crocidura batesi (Bates’s shrew)
    Crocidura beatus (Mindanao shrew)
    Crocidura beccarii (Beccari’s shrew)
    Crocidura bottegi (Bottego’s shrew)
    Crocidura bottegoides (bale shrew)
    Crocidura brunnea (thick-tailed shrew)
    Crocidura buettikoferi (Buettikofer’s shrew)
    Crocidura caliginea (African foggy shrew)
    Crocidura canariensis (Canary shrew)
    Crocidura caspica (Caspian shrew)
    Crocidura cinderella (Cinderella shrew)
    Crocidura congobelgica (Congo shrew)
    Crocidura crenata (long-footed shrew)
    Crocidura crossei (Crosse’s shrew)
    Crocidura cyanea (reddish-gray musk shrew)
    Crocidura denti (Dent’s shrew)
    Crocidura desperata (desperate shrew)
    Crocidura dhofarensis (Dhofarian shrew)
    Crocidura dolichura (long-tailed musk shrew)
    Crocidura douceti (Doucet’s musk shrew)
    Crocidura dsinezumi (Dsinezumi shrew)
    Crocidura eisentrauti (Eisentraut’s shrew)
    Crocidura elgonius (Elgon shrew)
    Crocidura elongata (elongated shrew)
    Crocidura erica (heather shrew)
    Crocidura fischeri (Fischer’s shrew)
    Crocidura flavescens (greater red musk shrew)
    Crocidura floweri (Flower’s shrew)
    Crocidura foetida (Bornean shrew)
    Crocidura foxi (Fox’s shrew)
    Crocidura fuliginosa (Southeast Asian shrew)
    Crocidura fulvastra (savanna shrew)
    Crocidura fumosa (smoky white-toothed shrew)
    Crocidura fuscomurina (tiny musk shrew)
    Crocidura glassi (Glass’s shrew)
    Crocidura gmelini (Gmelin’s white-toothed shrew)
    Crocidura goliath (goliath shrew)
    Crocidura gracilipes (Peters’s musk shrew)
    Crocidura grandiceps (large-headed shrew)
    Crocidura grandis (Mt. Malindang shrew)
    Crocidura grassei (Grasse’s shrew)
    Crocidura grayi (Luzon shrew)
    Crocidura greenwoodi (Greenwood’s shrew)
    Crocidura harenna (Harenna shrew)
    Crocidura hildegardeae (Hildegarde’s shrew)
    Crocidura hilliana (Hill’s shrew)
    Crocidura hirta (lesser red musk shrew)
    Crocidura hispida (Andaman spiny shrew)
    Crocidura horsfieldii (Horsfield’s shrew)
    Crocidura hutanis (Hutan shrew)
    Crocidura ichnusae (North African white-toothed shrew)
    Crocidura indochinensis (Indochinese shrew)
    Crocidura jacksoni (Jackson’s shrew)
    Crocidura jenkinsi (Jenkin’s shrew)
    Crocidura jouvenetae (Jouvenet’s shrew)
    Crocidura katinka (Katinka’s shrew)
    Crocidura kivuana (Kivu shrew)
    Crocidura lamottei (Lamotte’s shrew)
    Crocidura lanosa (Lemara shrew)
    Crocidura lasiura (Ussuri shrew)
    Crocidura latona (Latona shrew)
    Crocidura lea (Sulawesi shrew)
    Crocidura lepidura (Sumatran giant shrew)
    Crocidura leucodon (bicolored shrew)
    Crocidura levicula (Celebes shrew)
    Crocidura littoralis (Butiaba naked-tailed shrew)
    Crocidura longipes (savanna swamp shrew)
    Crocidura lucina (moorland shrew)
    Crocidura ludia (dramatic shrew)
    Crocidura luna (greater gray-brown musk shrew)
    Crocidura lusitania (Mauritanian shrew)
    Crocidura macarthuri (Macarthur’s shrew)
    Crocidura macmillani (Macmillan’s shrew)
    Crocidura macowi (Macow’s shrew)
    Crocidura malayana (Malayan shrew)
    Crocidura manengubae (Manenguba shrew)
    Crocidura maquassiensis (Maquassie musk shrew)
    Crocidura mariquensis (swamp musk shrew)
    Crocidura maurisca (dark shrew)
    Crocidura maxi (Max’s shrew)
    Crocidura mindorus (Mindoro shrew)
    Crocidura miya (Sri Lankan long-tailed shrew)
    Crocidura monax (Rombo shrew)
    Crocidura monticola (minute shrew)
    Crocidura montis (montane white-toothed shrew)
    Crocidura muricauda (mouse-tailed shrew)
    Crocidura musseri (mossy forest shrew)
    Crocidura mutesae (Uganda large-toothed shrew)
    Crocidura nana (dwarf white-toothed shrew)
    Crocidura nanilla (tiny white-toothed shrew)
    Crocidura negligens (peninsular shrew)
    Crocidura negrina (Negros shrew)
    Crocidura nicobarica (Nicobar shrew)
    Crocidura nigeriae (Nigerian shrew)
    Crocidura nigricans (black white-toothed shrew)
    Crocidura nigripes (black-footed shrew)
    Crocidura nigrofusca (tenebrous shrew)
    Crocidura nimbae (Nimba shrew)
    Crocidura niobe (stony shrew)
    Crocidura obscurior (West African pygmy shrew)
    Crocidura olivieri (Olivier’s shrew)
    Crocidura orientalis (Oriental shrew)
    Crocidura orii (Amami shrew)
    Crocidura palawanensis (Palawan shrew)
    Crocidura paradoxura (paradox shrew)
    Crocidura parvipes (small-footed shrew)
    Crocidura pasha (Pasha shrew)
    Crocidura pergrisea (pale gray shrew)
    Crocidura phaeura (Guramba shrew)
    Crocidura picea (pitch shrew)
    Crocidura pitmani (Pitman’s shrew)
    Crocidura planiceps (flat-headed shrew)
    Crocidura poensis (Fraser’s musk shrew)
    Crocidura polia (fuscous shrew)
    Crocidura pullata (dusky shrew)
    Crocidura raineyi (Rainey shrew)
    Crocidura ramona (Negev shrew)
    Crocidura rapax (Chinese white-toothed shrew)
    Crocidura religiosa (Egyptian pygmy shrew)
    Crocidura rhoditis (Temboan shrew)
    Crocidura roosevelti (Roosevelt’s shrew)
    Crocidura russula (white-toothed shrew)
    Crocidura selina (moon shrew)
    Crocidura serezkyensis (Serezkaya shrew)
    Crocidura shantungensis (Asian lesser white-toothed shrew)
    Crocidura sibirica (Siberian shrew)
    Crocidura sicula (Sicilian shrew)
    Crocidura silacea (lesser gray-brown musk shrew)
    Crocidura smithii (desert musk shrew)
    Crocidura somalica (Somali shrew)
    Crocidura stenocephala (narrow-headed shrew)
    Crocidura suaveolens (Gueldenstaedt’s shrew)
    Crocidura susiana (Iranian shrew)
    Crocidura tanakae (Taiwanese gray shrew)
    Crocidura tansaniana (Tanzanian shrew)
    Crocidura tarella (Ugandan shrew)
    Crocidura tarfayensis (Tarfaya shrew)
    Crocidura telfordi (Telford’s shrew)
    Crocidura tenuis (thin shrew)
    Crocidura thalia (Thalia shrew)
    Crocidura theresae (Therese’s shrew)
    Crocidura thomensis (Sao Tomé shrew)
    Crocidura trichura (Christmas Island shrew)
    Crocidura turba (tumultuous shrew)
    Crocidura ultima (ultimate shrew)
    Crocidura usambarae (Usambara shrew)
    Crocidura viaria (savanna path shrew)
    Crocidura virgata (Mamfe shrew)
    Crocidura voi (Voi shrew)
    Crocidura vorax (voracious shrew)
    Crocidura vosmaeri (Banka shrew)
    Crocidura watasei (lesser Ryukyu shrew)
    Crocidura whitakeri (Whitaker’s shrew)
    Crocidura wimmeri (Wimmer’s shrew)
    Crocidura wuchihensis (Hainan Island shrew)
    Crocidura xantippe (vermiculate shrew)
    Crocidura yankariensis (Yankari shrew)
    Crocidura zaphiri (Zaphir’s shrew)
    Crocidura zarudnyi (Zarudny’s shrew)
    Crocidura zimmeri (Zimmer’s shrew)
    Crocidura zimmermanni (Zimmermann’s shrew)
  2. Diplomesodon pulchellum (piebald shrew)
  3. Feroculus feroculus (Kelaart’s long-clawed shrew)
  4. Paracrocidura graueri (Grauer’s shrew)
    Paracrocidura maxima (greater shrew)
    Paracrocidura schoutedeni (Schouteden’s shrew)
  5. Ruwenzorisorex suncoides (Ruwenzori shrew)
  6. Scutisorex somereni (armored shrew)
  7. Solisorex pearsoni (Pearson’s long-clawed shrew)
  8. Suncus aequatorius (Taita shrew)
    Suncus ater (black shrew)
    Suncus dayi (Day’s shrew)
    Suncus etruscus (white-toothed pygmy shrew)
    Suncus fellowesgordoni (Sri Lanka shrew)
    Suncus hosei (Hose’s shrew)
    Suncus infinitesimus (least dwarf shrew)
    Suncus lixus (greater dwarf shrew)
    Suncus madagascariensis (Madagascan shrew)
    Suncus malayanus (Malayan pygmy shrew)
    Suncus megalura (climbing shrew)
    Suncus mertensi (Flores shrew)
    Suncus montanus (Sri Lanka highland shrew)
    Suncus murinus (Asian house shrew)
    Suncus remyi (Remy’s shrew)
    Suncus stoliczkanus (Anderson’s shrew)
    Suncus varilla (lesser dwarf shrew)
    Suncus zeylanicus (jungle shrew)
  9. Sylvisorex camerunensis (Cameroonian forest shrew)
    Sylvisorex granti (Grant’s shrew)
    Sylvisorex howelli (Howell’s shrew)
    Sylvisorex isabellae (Isabella shrew)
    Sylvisorex johnstoni (Johnston’s shrew)
    Sylvisorex konganensis (Kongana shrew)
    Sylvisorex lunaris (crescent shrew)
    Sylvisorex morio (arrogant shrew)
    Sylvisorex ollula (forest muskshrew)
    Sylvisorex oriundus (mountain shrew)
    Sylvisorex pluvialis (rain forest shrew)
    Sylvisorex vulcanorum (volcano shrew)

Sous-famille des Myosoricinae : 3 genres et 18 espèces

  1. Congosorex polli (Congo shrews)
    Congosorex verheyeni (lesser congo shrew)
  2. Myosorex babaulti (Babault’s mouse shrew)
    Myosorex blarina (montane mouse shrew)
    Myosorex cafer (dark-footed forest shrew)
    Myosorex eisentrauti (Eisentraut’s mouse shrew)
    Myosorex geata (Geata mouse shrew)
    Myosorex kihaulei (Kihaule’s mouse shrew)
    Myosorex longicaudatus (long-tailed forest shrew)
    Myosorex okuensis (Oku mouse shrew)
    Myosorex rumpii (Rumpi mouse shrew)
    Myosorex schalleri (Schaller’s mouse shrew)
    Myosorex sclateri (Sclater’s tiny mouse shrew)
    Myosorex tenuis (thin mouse shrew)
    Myosorex varius (forest shrew)
    Myosorex zinki (Kilimanjaro mouse shrew)
  3. Surdisorex norae (Aberdare shrew)
    Surdisorex polulus (Mt. Kenya shrew)

Sous-famille des Soricinae : 6 tribus

  • Tribu des Anourosoricini (musaraignes taupes) : 1 genre et 4 espèces
  1. Anourosorex assamensis (Assam mole shrew)
    Anourosorex schmidi (giant mole shrew)
    Anourosorex squamipes (mole shrew)
    Anourosorex yamashinai (Taiwanese mole shrew)
  • Tribu des Blarinellini (musaraignes à queue courte d’Asie) : 1 genre et 3 espèces
  1. Blarinella griselda (Indochinese short-tailed shrew)
    Blarinella quadraticauda (Sichuan short-tailed shrew)
    Blarinella wardi (Ward’s short-tailed shrew)
  • Tribu des Blarinini (musaraignes à queue courte) : 2 genres et 34 espèces
  1. Blarina brevicauda (northern short-tailed shrew)
    Blarina carolinensis (southern short-tailed shrew)
    Blarina hylophaga (Elliot’s short-tailed shrew)
    Blarina peninsulae (Everglades short-tailed shrew)
  2. Cryptotis alticola (Central Mexican broad-clawed shrew)
    Cryptotis brachyonyx (Eastern Cordillera broad-clawed shrew)
    Cryptotis colombiana (Colombian small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis endersi (Enders’s small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis equatoris (Ecuadorean small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis goldmani (Goldman’s small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis goodwini (Goodwin’s small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis gracilis (Talamancan small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis griseoventris (Guatemalan broad-clawed shrew)
    Cryptotis hondurensis (Honduran small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis magna (big small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis mayensis (Yucatan small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis medellinia (Medellín small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis mera (Darién small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis meridensis (Merida small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis merriami (Merriam’s small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis mexicana (Mexican small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis montivaga (Ecuadorean small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis nelsoni (Nelson’s small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis nigrescens (blackish small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis obscura (grizzled Mexican small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis orophila (Central American least shrew)
    Cryptotis parva (least shrew)
    Cryptotis peregrina (Oaxacan broad-clawed shrew)
    Cryptotis peruviensis (Peruvian small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis phillipsii (Phillips’ small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis squamipes (scaly-footed small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis tamensis (Tamá small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis thomasi (Andean small-eared shrew)
    Cryptotis tropicalis (tropical small-eared shrew)
  • Tribu des Nectogalini (musaraignes aquatiques de l’Ancien Monde, musaraignes à dents brunes…) : 7 genres et 25 espèces
  1. Chimarrogale hantu (Hantu water shrew)
    Chimarrogale himalayica (Himalayan water shrew)
    Chimarrogale phaeura (Sunda water shrew)
    Chimarrogale platycephalus (Japanese water shrew)
    Chimarrogale styani (Styan’s water shrew)
    Chimarrogale sumatrana (Sumatra water shrew)
  2. Chodsigoa caovansunga (Van Sung’s shrew)
    Chodsigoa hypsibia (De Winton’s shrew)
    Chodsigoa lamula (lamulate shrew)
    Chodsigoa parca (Lowe’s shrew)
    Chodsigoa parva (pygmy brown-toothed shrew)
    Chodsigoa salenskii (Salenski’s shrew)
    Chodsigoa smithii (Smith’s shrew)
    Chodsigoa sodalis (lesser Taiwanese shrew)
  3. Episoriculus caudatus (Hodgson’s brown-toothed shrew)
    Episoriculus fumidus (Taiwanese brown-toothed shrew)
    Episoriculus leucops (long-tailed brown-toothed shrew)
    Episoriculus macrurus (long-tailed mountain shrew)
  4. Nectogale elegans (elegant water shrew)
  5. Neomys anomalus (crossope de Miller)
    Neomys fodiens (Eurasian water shrew)
    Neomys teres (Transcaucasian water shrew)
  6. Nesiotites hidalgo (Balearic shrew)
    Nesiotites similis (Sardinian shrew)
  7. Soriculus nigrescens (Himalayan shrew)
  • Tribu des Notiosoricini (musaraignes grises d’Amérique du Nord) : 2 genres et 5 espèces
  1. Megasorex gigas (Mexican shrew)
  2. Notiosorex cockrumi (Cockrum’s gray shrew)
    Notiosorex crawfordi (desert shrew)
    Notiosorex evotis (large-eared gray shrew)
    Notiosorex villai (Villa’s gray shrew)
  • Tribu des Soricini (musaraignes à longue queue) : 1 genre et 77 espèces
  1. Sorex alaskanus (Glacier Bay water shrew)
    Sorex alpinus (alpine shrew)
    Sorex antinorii (Valais shrew)
    Sorex araneus (Musaraigne commune)
    Sorex arcticus (Arctic shrew)
    Sorex arizonae (Arizona shrew)
    Sorex arunchi (Udine shrew)
    Sorex asper (Tien Shan shrew)
    Sorex averini (Dneper common shrew)
    Sorex bairdi (Baird’s shrew)
    Sorex bedfordiae (lesser striped shrew)
    Sorex bendirii (marsh shrew)
    Sorex buchariensis (Pamir shrew)
    Sorex caecutiens (Laxmann’s shrew)
    Sorex camtschatica (Kamchatka shrew)
    Sorex cansulus (Gansu shrew)
    Sorex cinereus (cinereus shrew)
    Sorex coronatus (crowned shrew)
    Sorex cylindricauda (stripe-backed shrew)
    Sorex daphaenodon (large-toothed Siberian shrew)
    Sorex dispar (long-tailed shrew)
    Sorex emarginatus (Zacatecas shrew)
    Sorex excelsus (lofty shrew)
    Sorex fumeus (smoky shrew)
    Sorex gaspensis (Gaspé shrew)
    Sorex gracillimus (slender shrew)
    Sorex granarius (Lagranja shrew)
    Sorex haydeni (prairie shrew)
    Sorex hosonoi (Azumi shrew)
    Sorex hoyi (pygmy shrew)
    Sorex isodon (even-toothed shrew)
    Sorex jacksoni (St. Lawrence island shrew)
    Sorex kozlovi (Kozlov’s shrew)
    Sorex leucogaster (Paramushir shrew)
    Sorex longirostris (southeastern shrew)
    Sorex lyelli (Mt. Lyell shrew)
    Sorex macrodon (large-toothed shrew)
    Sorex maritimensis (maritime shrew)
    Sorex merriami (Merriam’s shrew)
    Sorex milleri (Carmen mountain shrew)
    Sorex minutissimus (miniscule shrew)
    Sorex minutus (Eurasian pygmy shrew)
    Sorex mirabilis (Ussuri shrew)
    Sorex monticolus (montane shrew)
    Sorex nanus (dwarf shrew)
    Sorex neomexicanus (New Mexico shrew)
    Sorex oreopolus (Mexican long-tailed shrew)
    Sorex orizabae (Orizaba long-tailed shrew)
    Sorex ornatus (ornate shrew)
    Sorex pacificus (Pacific shrew)
    Sorex palustris (water shrew)
    Sorex planiceps (Kashmir shrew)
    Sorex portenkoi (Portenko’s shrew)
    Sorex preblei (Preble’s shrew)
    Sorex pribilofensis (Pribilof island shrew)
    Sorex raddei (Radde’s shrew)
    Sorex roboratus (flat-skulled shrew)
    Sorex samniticus (Apennine shrew)
    Sorex satunini (Caucasian shrew)
    Sorex saussurei (Saussure’s shrew)
    Sorex sclateri (Sclater’s shrew)
    Sorex shinto (Shinto shrew)
    Sorex sinalis (Chinese shrew)
    Sorex sonomae (fog shrew)
    Sorex stizodon (San Cristobal shrew)
    Sorex tenellus (Inyo shrew)
    Sorex thibetanus (Tibetan shrew)
    Sorex trowbridgii (Trowbridge’s shrew)
    Sorex tundrensis (tundra shrew)
    Sorex ugyunak (barren ground shrew)
    Sorex unguiculatus (long-clawed shrew)
    Sorex vagrans (vagrant shrew)
    Sorex ventralis (chestnut-bellied shrew)
    Sorex veraecrucis (Veracruz shrew)
    Sorex veraepacis (Verapaz shrew)
    Sorex volnuchini (Caucasian pygmy shrew)
    Sorex yukonicus (Alaskan tiny shrew)
Written on janvier 27th, 2014

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